THE GEOSS SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION NEEDS KNOWLEDGE BASE (SEE-IN KB): LINKING THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS TO EARTH OBSERVATIONS, MODELS, AND CAPACITY BUILDING
Plag, Hans-Peter1, Jules-Plag Shelley-Ann2
1 Old Dominion University, Norfolk Virginia, United States
2 Tiwah UG, Rossbach, Germany
The “Socio-Economic and Environmental Information Needs Knowledge Base” (SEE-IN KB) is developed as a collaborative platform for the co-creation of knowledge in support of societal goals. By bringing providers and users together, it is possible to "learn" how Earth observations and models are used to create practice-relevant knowledge and to identify gaps. The design of such a collaborative platform attractive to both users and providers has to be innovative to achieving the necessary revolution in how Earth observations are informing decisions.
A core function of the SEE-IN KB is the linking of societal goals and targets to Essential Variables (EVs). Focusing on the use case of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the SEE-IN KB uses a goal-based approach to identify those EVs that are essential for the quantification of SDG indicators and the assessment of policy impacts on SDG targets. The approach aims to be consistent with the UN's System of Environmental-Economic Accounting (SEEA). The SEE-IN KB includes the rules for defining the observational needs and how to link them to user knowledge needs. Existing knowledge repositories and databases are leveraged as far as possible for populating the SEE-IN KB. User feedback concerning the fitness for purpose of both data and processes is collected.
The SEE-IN KB is a component of the GEOSS Knowledge Base. It documents the relationships between the data and the processes (models, workflows, algorithms) needed to develop the information and knowledge needed by societal users. The concept of networks inherent in the conceptual model of the SEE-IN KB allows for the construction of business processes to answer "What if?" questions. This functions supports the planning of policies and activities facilitating progress towards the SDGs. Increasingly, user types, applications and requirements are linked to actual users, models and dataset, respectively, and this allows execution of business processes.
Oral presentation at the ISRSE 37, May 9, 2017, Tswhane, South Africa.